Research & Training

Over the years research continues to be the central focus of the Centre.  Researches conducted include commissioned projects from the Government of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, research programmes undertaken by the Sections of the Centre, thus fulfilling the Mandate of the Centre, individual research work undertaken by members of staff as well as project supervision by staff.  Details of these researches are hereby considered

Research Programmes

Center for Energy Research & Training

  • 1989

    Studies on Soil to asses toxic effect of the wastes dumped at Koko, Bendel State, Energy Commission of Nigeria Project
  • 1990

    Determination of sources of oil pollution in River Rido and Environs, Kaduna Refinery and Petrochemicals Company (KRPC), Kaduna
  • 1990

    Date Soil Fertility Mapping of Kaduna State Using Nuclear Analytical Techniques, Energy Commission of Nigeria Project
  • 1994

    Seepage into the River Rido and Environs, Kaduna Refinery and Petrochemicals Company (KRPC), Kaduna
  • 1995

    National Agency for Food and Drug Administration and Control (NAFDAC), Oshodi Lagos (Setting up of a Standard Laboratory for Monitoring of Radioactivity in Milk and Fish). Energy Commission of Nigeria Commissioned Project
  • 1989

    Assessment of Energy Consumption in Northern Nigeria. Studies of Wood Fuel, Petroleum and Gas Pricing , Energy Commission of Nigeria.
  • 1992

    Mineral Ore Analysis
  • 1993

    Radiation Mapping of Zaria and its Environs
  • 1994

    Radiation Mapping Project. Radiation Mapping of Maska, Kaduna State (Nigerian Geological Survey Topographic Sheet 101) Energy Commission of Nigeria.
  • 1997 - Date

    Bentonite Clay Characterization Research


The Centre for Energy Research and Training (CERT), Ahmadu Bello University Zaria has installed facilities that are open to faculty staff and students mostly at the post-graduate level whose research interest remains within the purview of nuclear science and technology.  CERT staff equally engage in teaching, training and research for the socio-economic development of Nigerians.  Details of these aspects are hereby discussed.

Research work has been developed along the following areas (Ewa, 2005) in CERT based on the facilities on ground. Some of these researches have already led to the awards of M. Sc and Ph. D degrees in various disciplines as enumerated above.  The research fields include:


Analytical Nuclear Physics

  • Reactor neutron Spectrum characteristics
  • (Cadmium ratio and thermal/epithermal flux ratio measurements)
  • Neutron temperature and scattering
  • Modified Spectral Index (MSI) using Westcott’s formalism
  • Standard and Single comparator Neutron Activation Analysis
  • Thermal, Epithermal, Fast Neutron Activation Analysis
  • Photon Scattering in materials using the PENELOPE Code
  • k0-Standardization using the IAEA k0-CODE
  • Development of Cyclic Irradiation Technique

Theoretical Nuclear Physics

  • Nuclear Reactions and nuclear models
  • Cross-section measurements for light and medium nuclei
  • Nuclear level densities
  • Pre-equilibrium models and compound nucleus theory (Multi-step Processes) using nuclear codes: EMPIRE
  • Dirac and Statistical model with fit parameter
  •  ECIS for coupled-channel nuclear model with experimental fit

Nuclear Data Research

  • Evaluation of Nuclear Codes and Comparisons
  • Database and retrieval system ( EXFOR + CINDA)
  • Decay Scheme Studies (Nuclear Decay Parameters)

Nuclear Engineering and Reactor Physics

  • Reactor operation and performance analysis
  • Reactor core-configuration studies and Reactor lattice calculations using codes: WIMS, CITATION, MONTE CARLO (Pin Cell Configurations)
  • Reactor design and core conversion studies
  • Thermal hydraulics of MNSR
  • Automation of criticality calculations
  • Operation procedures for licensing
  • Critical experiments, steady period measurement,
  • Reactivity experiments, temperature effect studies
  • Reactor transient behavior

Nuclear Geophysics

  • Gamma ray logs (nuclear well logging)
  • Field applications of neutron scattering
  • Neutron moisture probe investigations

Nuclear Medicine and Health

  • Dynamic function studies
  • In vitro investigations
  • Trace element investigations in critical organs
  • Nutritional studies (Protein levels in food)
  • Radioactivity and toxic levels of trace elements in food and water

Petrochemical Engineering

  • Vanadium and Sulphur in Crude oil
  • Investigations on zeolites
  • Trouble-shooting and optimization of process columns

Radio-analytical Nuclear Chemistry

  • Pre and Post irradiation Neutron Activation Analysis
  • Radioisotope production (Ar-41, Br-82)

Radio-pharmaceutical studies

  • Radio-Immunoassay
  • Radio-Chromatography
  • Analytical Applications (Medicinal plants)

Radiation Biophysics

  • Radiological Safety in nuclear establishments
  • Radiation Protection studies
  • Shielding Calculations using nuclear codes: EGS, MONTE CARLO
  • Dosimetry (TLD)